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John Bell Hood was one of the most tenacious generals in the Confederacy, for better and worse. This quality, which made him one of the best brigade and division commanders in the Army of Northern Virginia also made him ineffective as he was promoted to higher commands, forever marring his career at Atlanta and Franklin. The intimidating Texan began to make a name for himself as a brigade commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under new commander Robert E. Lee during the Seven Days Battles in 1862, after which he was promoted to division command. For the next several campaigns, he led a division under General James Longstreets I Corps., fighting at places like Antietam and Fredericksburg. Hood was in the thick of the action on Day 2 at Gettysburg, suffering a bad wound that left his left arm permanently disabled. When Longstreets command headed west, Hood suffered another wound at Chickamauga, leading to the amputation of his right leg. In 1864, Joseph E. Johnston continued to move in the face of Shermans armies back toward Atlanta, eventually leading to Hoods promotion to command of the Army of Tennessee. At this point, Hood was so damaged by his wounds that he needed assistance to even get on a horse. Nevertheless, Hood led a series of offensive attacks, failing to dislodge Sherman and only damaging his own army. Sherman eventually took Atlanta anyway. Hoods leadership only got worse, culminating in the Franklin-Nashville campaign in which he ordered a massive frontal attack at the Battle of Franklin that led many of his top officers, like Patrick Cleburne, dead on the field. After losing the Battle of Nashville, he was relieved of command. Hood did not live long after the war, dying of yellow fever in 1879, but he managed to write an account of his service in the Civil War. Given Hoods position in Longstreets Corps and his experience in some of the Civil Wars most famous battles, Advance and Retreat is an insightful account given by a man uniquely distinguished to provide it.

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