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A finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award hailed in The Washington Post as "a work of enormous imagination and enterprise" and in The New York Times as "an important original book" Southern Honor revolutionized our understanding of the antebellum South revealing how Southern men adopted an ancient honor code that shaped their society from top to bottom. Using legal documents letters diaries and newspaper columns Wyatt-Brown offers fascinating examples to illuminate the dynamics of Southern life throughout the antebellum period. He describes how Southern whites living chiefly in small rural agrarian surroundings in which everyone knew everyone else established the local hierarchy of kinfolk and neighbors according to their individual and familial reputation. By claiming honor and dreading shame they controlled their slaves ruled their households established the social rankings of themselves kinfolk and neighbors and responded ferociously against perceived threats. The shamed and shameless sometimes suffered grievously for defying community norms. Wyatt-Brown further explains how a Southern elite refined the ethic. Learning gentlemanly behavior and deliberate rather than reckless resort to arms softened the cruder form which the author calls "primal honor." In either case honor required men to demonstrate their prowess and engage in fierce defense of individual family community and regional reputation by duel physical encounter or war. Subordination of African-Americans was uppermost in this Southern ethic. Any threat whether from the slaves themselves or from outside agitation had to be met forcefully. Slavery was the root cause of the Civil War but according to Wyatt-Brown honor pulled the trigger. Featuring a new introduction by the author this anniversary edition of a classic work offers readers a compelling view of Southern culture before the Civil War.

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