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Biochemistry Study GuideAudience: Intended for everyone interested in Biochemistry, particularly undergraduate and graduate life science students.FEATURES:- Fully illustrated- Complete lists of amino acids, functional groups, chemical classes. - IUPAC nomenclature - Periodic Table - Navigate from Table of Contents or search for the words or phrases- Use your down time to prepare for an exam. - Always have the guide available for a quick reference. TABLE OF CONTENTS:Chapters: I. Biomolecules II. Chemical Properties III. Structural Compounds IV. Enzymes V. Membranes And Transport VI. Energy Pathways VII. Signal Transduction VIII. TechniquesAppendices: General Index Common Atoms Hydrocarbons Standard Amino Acids Functional groups Chemical classes IUPAC nomenclature Periodic TableI. BiomoleculesCarbohydrates: Monosaccharides Sugar Disaccharide Oligosaccharide Polysaccharide Starch Glycogen GluconeogenesisLipids: Fatty Acids Fatty Acid Degradation Fatty Acid Synthesis Triglyceride Waxes Lipoprotein Phospholipids CholesterolNucleic acids: DNA DNA replication Mitochondrial DNA RNA mRNA tRNA Non-coding RNA siRNA RNA Degradation Codon Adenin Cytosine Guanine Thymine Uracil OligonucleotidesProteins: Amino acid Peptide Primary structure Secondary structure Tertiary structure Protein folding Protein DegradationII. Chemical PropertiesBonds: Covalent Non-covalent Ionic bond Hydrogen bond Van der Waals attractions Hydrophobic forcesHydrophilicity: Hydrophilic Hydrophobic PolaritypH: pH Acid Alkaline BaseRedox: Reduction and oxidation Citric acid cycle HydrolysisIII. Structural CompoundsIn cells: Actin Intermediate filament Microtubule Flagellin Peptidoglycan Myelin MyosinIn animals: Chitin Keratin Collagen SilkIn plants: Cellulose Lignin Cell wallIV. EnzymesEnzymes: Etymology and history 3D Structure Thermodynamics Kinetics Inhibition Metabolic pathways and allosteric enzymes Enzyme-naming conventionsExamples: Ubiquitin Kinase Dehydrogenase ProteasomeV. Membranes And TransportStructure: Fluid mosaic model Detailed StructureMembrane Components: Phospholipids Sphingomyelin GlycolipidMovement of Molecules: Diffusion Osmosis Electrochemical gradient Membrane permeabilityPassive transport: Facilitated diffusion Ion channelActive transport: ATP-Dependent Na/K Pump V-ATPase Proton pump Electron transport Antiporter Symporter Exocytosis EndocytosisVI. Energy PathwaysCellular respiration: Aerobic respiration Theoretical yields Anaerobic respiration Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)1. Glycolysis: Preparatory phase Pay-off phase Entry of sugars Control of flux Energy pay-off Follow-up Intermediates for other pathways High aerobic glycolysis Alternative nomenclature Oxidative decarboxylation2. Krebs cycle/Citric Acid cycle3. Oxidative Phosphorylationand much more...

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