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Globalisation has become a rewarding but challenging fact of life for scientific and scholarly researchers. Intellectually, they work with shared understandings of their areas of research and research methods. Professionally, responsibility and best practices are subject to many different rules and standards that vary across disciplines, countries, and cultures. They know how to measure and study the objects of their research but are often less sure of what constitutes the responsible practice of research or research integrity.

The World Conferences on Research Integrity provide a forum for an international group of researchers, research administrators from funding agencies and similar bodies, research organisations performing research, universities and policy makers to discuss and make recommendations on ways to improve, harmonise, publicise, and make operationally effective international policies for the responsible conduct of research. The second such conference, held in Singapore in July 2010, focused on challenges and responses. Where is integrity in research today most significantly challenged and what is being done to address these challenges? This volume brings together a selection of presentations and key guidelines and statements emerging from the Conference.

  • Section I: Welcomes:
    • Introduction
    • Opening Address by the Minister for Education and Second Minister for Defence (Ng Eng Hen)
    • Welcome by the President of Nanyang Technological University (Su Guaning)
    • Welcome by the Chairman of A*STAR (Lim Chuan Poh)
    • Welcome by the Vice President for Research Strategy, National University of Singapore(Seeram Ramakrishna)
    • Welcome by the President of Singapore Management University (Howard Hunter)
  • Section II: Research Integrity Structures:
    • Developing Research Integrity Structures: Nationally and Internationally (Christine C Boesz)
    • Stakeholder Leadership in Addressing Research Integrity Challenges (Howard Alper)
    • Research Integrity Challenges — A Singapore Perspective (Lee Eng Hin)
    • European Science Foundation and Research Integrity (Ian Halliday)
    • France: How to Improve a Decentralized, Ambiguous National System (Jean-Pierre Alix)
    • Research Integrity in the Canadian Context (Ronald Heslegrave)
    • Research Integrity in New Zealand (Sylvia Rumball & John O'Neill)
    • Challenges Encountered by the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences When Introducing Concepts for Promoting Scientific Integrity (Emilio Bossi)
    • The Integrity of Researchers in Japan: Will Enforcement Replace Responsibility? (Tohru Masui)
    • National, Institutional and International Approaches to Research Integrity: An Australian Perspective (Ren Yi)
    • Finland: How to Revise National Research Integrity Guidelines in the Changing International Landscape? (Eero Vuorio)
    • Acting After Learning in Europe (Dirk G de Hen)
    • Views on Research Integrity in the Commonwealth of Independent State (Boris Yudin)
  • Section III: Research Misconduct:
    • The Black, the White and the Grey Areas: Towards an International and Interdisciplinary Definition of Scientific Misconduct (Daniele Fanelli)
    • Keynote Address: Promoting Integrity in Research (David L Vaux)
    • Does Peer Review Work as a Self-Policing Mechanism in Preventing Misconduct: A Case Study of a Serial Plagiarist (Ben R Martin)
    • Scientific Falsifications in and out of Science (Edward P Kruglyakov)
    • The Need for Greater Attention Regarding Research Integrity in Mexico (José A Cuellar)
  • Section IV: Codes of Conduct:
    • A Framework for Examining Codes of Conduct on Research Integrity (Melissa S Anderson & Marta A Shaw)
    • Dilemmas for Ethical Guidelines for the Sciences (Matthias Kaiser)
    • Levels of Responsibility (John Sulston)
    • The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (Pieter J D Drenth)
    • A Report from the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice (Frank Wells)
    • Lessons from 17 Years with National Guidelines for Research Ethics in Norway (Ragnvald Kalleberg)
    • Society for Scientific Values: A Movement to Promote Ethics in the Conduct of Science (Ashima Anand)
    • How Many Codes of Conduct do we Need? The Chinese Experience (Ping Sun)
    • The Past, Present and Future of one University's Code of Research Ethics in New Zealan (John O'Neill & Sylvia Rumball)
    • The Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research — Challenges and Responses (Timothy Dyke)
  • Section V: Institutional and National Approaches to Fostering Responsible Research:
    • Why, What, and How we Should be Teaching about Research Integrity (Michael Kalichman)
    • Establishing an Institutional Culture of Research Integrity: Key Challenges & Successful Solutions (Philip J Langlais)
    • A Curriculum for RCR Training in Germany (Gerlinde Sponholz)
    • Teaching and Training Research Ethics (Ragnvald Kalleberg)
    • Developing Policies for RCR Training in Brazilian Graduate Programs: Current Challenges (Sonia M R Vasconcelos)
  • Section VI: Individual Approaches to Fostering Integrity in Research:
    • Online RCR Training and the Use of Case Study Videos (Daniel R Vasgird)
    • Use of Case Studies in Training Students and Practitioners in Responsible Research Practice (Bruce H J McKellar)
    • Réflexives Integrated Training Program for PhD Students and Their Supervisors: Quality, Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research (Marie-Claude Roland)
    • How to Teach Research Integrity Without the Notion: Attempts in Japan (Tetsuji Iseda)
    • Creating the CITI-Japan Program for Web-Based Training: Where Ethics, Law and Science Experts Meet (Iekuni Ichikawa & Masaru Motojima)
    • Promoting Best Practices for Scientists and Postdoctoral Fellows (Makoto Asashima)
    • Statens Serum Institute's Course on Good Scientific Practice: Why? How? What? Does it Work? What is Needed? (Nils Axelsen)
    • Responsible Conduct of Research Workshops at the Australian National University (Simon Bain)
    • Scientific Integrity: The Perspective from Imperial College London (Mary Ritter & Stephen Webster)
    • Workshop #3 Report: International Responsible Conduct of Research Education (Nicholas H Steneck, Mike Kalichman & Nils Axelsen)
  • Section VII: Integrity Issues for Authors and Editors:
    • Challenges for Editors as Guardians of the Research Record (Sabine Kleinert)
    • Promoting Integrity in Research Reporting: Developing Universal Standards and Promoting Best Practice among Journals (Elizabeth Wager)
    • The Equator Network: A Global Initiative to Improve Reporting of Health Research Studies (Iveta Simera & David Moher)
    • Challenges and Responses in Mathematical Research Publishing (Douglas N Arnold)
    • Plagiarism Understanding and Management in Russia and Central Europe (Vladimir Vlassov)
    • Background to Responsible Research Publication Position Statements (Elizabeth Wager & Sabine Kleinert)
    • Responsible Research Publication: International Standards for Authors (Elizabeth Wager & Sabine Kleinert)
    • Responsible Research Publication: International Standards for Editors (Sabine Kleinert & Elizabeth Wage)
  • Section VIII: Integrity in the News, Climate Change and Dual-Use Technology:
    • Turning up the Heat on Research Integrity: Lessons from “Climategate” (Mark S Frankel)
    • Climategate: A Journalist's Perspective (Fred Pearce)
    • Research Integrity's Burning Fuse: Climate Truth before Change Explodes (Ann Henderson-Sellers)
    • Integrity in Research with Dual-Use Potential (Lida Anestidou)
    • Governance Options for Dual-Use Research (Gerald L Epstein)
    • The Role of Leadership and Culture within the Laboratory (David R Franz)
    • Dual-Use Research, Codes of Conduct, and the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (F Daniel Davis)
    • Research with Dual-Use Potential in RCR Education: Is there a Role for Codes? (Elizabeth Heitman)
  • Appendix: Singapore Statement on Research Integrity

Readership: Researchers, research administrators from funding agencies and similar bodies, research organisations performing research, universities, policy makers and general public.

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