Nearly every American can cite one of the accomplishments of George Washington Carver. A national monument bears his name, a U.S. coin was minted in his honor, and his induction into the National Inventors Hall of Fame is one of many tributes honoring his contributions to scientific advancement and black history. Born into slavery, Carver earned a master's degree at Iowa State Agricultural College and went on to become the university's first black faculty member. His research into peanuts and sweet potatoes-crops that replenished the cotton-leached soil of the South-helped lift multitudes of sharecroppers out of poverty. When he died in 1943, despite living during a period of systemic racial prejudice, millions of Americans mourned the passing of one of the nation's most honored and beloved scientists. Scores of children's books celebrate the contributions of this prolific botanist, but his personal life, his romantic interests, and the intersection of both with his professional career have remained largely unexamined until now.
Christina Vella offers the most thorough biography of George Washington Carver, including in-depth details of his personal relationships with family, colleagues, lovers, and friends, set in the context of the early twentieth century. Despite the exceptional trajectory of his career, Carver was not immune to the racism of the Jim Crow era or the privations and hardships of the Great Depression and two world wars. Yet throughout the tumult of this period, his scientific achievements aligned him with equally extraordinary friends, including Teddy Roosevelt, Mohandas Gandhi, Henry A. Wallace, and Henry Ford.
In pursuit of the man behind the historical figure, Vella discovers an unassuming intellectual with a quirky sense of humor, striking eccentricities, and an unwavering religious faith. She explores Carver's anguished dealings with Booker T. Washington across their nineteen years working together at the Tuskegee Institute-a relationship so fraught with jealousy that it contributed to the tragic suicide of a woman Carver loved. This affair was followed, years later, by Carver's unrequited passion for a white man.
Carver was a prodigious and generous scholar whose life was shaped by struggle and heartbreak as well as success and fame. Vella's extensively researched biography offers a complex and compelling portrait of Carver, one of the most brilliant minds of the last century.
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